Dictionary definitions of original sin...
emphatic that a person is
born innocent - not evil, not good either, but innocent. Jews believe
that man enters the world free of sin, with a soul that is pure and
innocent and untainted. We are given a clean slate. But we are not born
into an innocent world. The world we are born into is one of challenge,
difficulty, pain and evil. But all these are merely means to an end: it
is through facing challenges that we grow as human beings, through
going through difficulty we bring out deeper resources from within,
through pain we become stronger and by combatting evil we create a
world of good.
God is gave us a choice to either remain perfect in a perfect (spiritual) world, or we can ingest the knowledge of good and evil and become imperfect, mortal.
Christians have different views on the way to receive salvation from original sin. On one end of the spectrum are those such as Calvinists who believe that each particular person who puts faith in Christ is predestined from the foundation of the world to live in the light of God's love, but those who do not trust in Christ will remain in darkness and the guilt of sin. On the other end are those such as universalists that believe that every person ever born will ultimately be justified, restored and saved. Between those two poles are those that emphasize man's ability to choose life with God or separation from God; people remain dependent on God's grace and mercy, but also have a part to play in achieving their own salvation. Augustine wrote in Latin in the fourth century, but his writings were not translated into Greek until the fourteenth century. Consequently, Eastern and Oriental Orthodox Christianity never held that guilt is inherited, and began repudiating this idea once they learned of it." (Lewis Loflin)